The 85 Percent

Core Architecture Studio 3

Fall 2012

Scott Duncan, critic, with Ryan Culligan

This studio explored the overlaps and conflicts between residential floor plan efficiency–targeted at eighty five percent by the New York real estate market—and the emerging pressures of sustainability. Considering that floor plan efficiency—the proportion of floor area which can be sold or rented to that area which is required for walls, corridors, elevators, stairs and other services—arguably shapes the residential buildings of New York City more than any other force. The students’ work reexamined this efficiency in the context of the demand for a new generation of the city’s buildings to prioritize needs like retaining heat in the winter, providing shade and ventilation in the summer and supporting a pedestrian-oriented street.

Student teams each developed building designs according to one of six formal “paradigms”: thinness, thickness, tallness, shortness, maximum surface area and minimum surface area, in order to test their implications to building energy performance and to the social dynamics of housing in New York.

John Kim + Reece Tucker A
Juan Pablo Azares + Ebberly Strathairn B
Tina Gao + Anastasia Tania C/D/E