The goal of the Ph.D. Program in Urban Planning is to educate and train scholars and researchers in the general field of urban and regional planning. Substantive areas of study include: affordable housing, regional transportation planning, urban economic development and international development, among others. These substantive concerns are approached both theoretically and methodologically. In the former instance, students draw, for example, from neo-classical economics, participatory democracy and law. In the latter, they utilize key informant interviews, statistical analysis of secondary data, mixed methods and case study design among other research designs. Emphasis within the program is given to the role of space and of collective action on the part of governments and civic organizations. Of particular concern are issues of social justice and democracy.